Types of Pearls

Natural Pearls

As their name indicates, these are a phenomenon produced entirely by Mother Nature. They are formed when a foreign body is introduced accidentally inside an oyster. This irritant presence causes a reaction by the oyster which, by way of defence, segregates a pearly substance which slowly covers the foreign body.

Over several years a pearl will form which is perfect in colour, iridescence, lustre, texture and shape, and which is of great economic value.

If we were to take half a natural pearl and observe it under a microscope, we would see that the nucleus of the foreign body is almost imperceptible and that the pearly substance, which covers the body, forms several layers spreading out from the centre towards the outer surface.

Natural pearls are now practically non-existent and are of incalculable value. For this reason the majority of "natural" pearls we find in jewellers shops are in fact "cultivated pearls".

Cultivated Pearls

These are the result of experiments carried out by the Japanese during the XIX Century. In 1913, the Japanese Mikimoto, achieved the technique of cultivated pearl’s creation.

They are produced by provoking the pearly secretion of the oyster by artificially introducing a man-made nucleus. During the first decade of the century, the nucleus made up 5% of the total size of the pearl, nowadays it exceeds 90% of the total diameter. Oysters need between a period of one year and a half and 3 years to produce the most beautiful pearls. As a result of growing demand, many cultivators are now drastically reducing the production time of the oyster to months. The end result is lower-priced pearls but also poorer quality, with reduced surface cover thickness, greater diameter of the nucleus and greater predisposition to oxidation or to having surface defects


Organic pearls: Only MAJORICA.

Just like the oyster, MAJORICA pearls use organic procedures and components which are present in nature. Using the most innovative technology and a closely guarded secret process, MAJORICA has achieved "the perfect pearl" in colour, sheen, lustre, texture and strength.

Researches in gemmological laboratories have provided conclusive proof: MAJORICA pearls are remarkably similar to good quality cultivated pearls.

Just perfection. Only MAJORICA pearls.

Strict manufacturing standards are applied to the creation of MAJORICA pearls. Using a process similar to that of the oyster, a nucleus of opaline, which is rather like alabaster, is covered with multiple coats of pearl essence. This essence is what gives the pearl its unique lustre and magnificent iridescence. After applying each layer of organic bath, the pearls are carefully polished to remove any imperfections. To successfully complete the entire process, the pearl is subjected to the strictest quality controls to confirm the colour fastness, sheen and iridescence of the pearl and its resistance to any harmful external agents.


Imitation pearls

Common materials such as glass or plastic, covered with four or five layers of chemical products, are usually used to create the nucleus. Obviously these do not have iridescence or resistance, generally contain imperfections, have an unnatural colour and are low priced.

You have to be aware of imitations of Majorica’s Pearls. Majorica is a registred brand reflecting our outstanding quality. Refuse similar names as Majorca, Mallorque or Mallorca.

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